Pilgrimage Part 2: St Winefride’s Holy Well Chapel


St Winefride’s Well Chapel is located in Holywell, Flintshire, North Wales.

The 15th Century chapel was built over the Well, with its crypt providing the vaulted arch ceiling to the Well chamber.


The chapel stands adjacent to St James’s church.


It was thought to have been built by order of Lady Margaret Beaufort (Lady Stanley, mother of Henry VII).

The chapel is kept locked but the key can be obtained for a £5 returnable deposit, from the custodian at St Winefride’s Holy Well Visitor Centre.

Link to Pilgrimage Part 1:


Link to Pilgrimage Part 3:



Harlech Castle, North Wales


Harlech Castle is located at Harlech, in Gwynedd, North Wales.  The mediaeval fortress was constructed by King Edward I towards the end of the thirteenth century, as part of his ‘Iron Ring’ of castles, built around North Wales to subdue and conquer the Welsh.

The castle was built on the top of a cliff, close to the Irish sea, and was virtually impregnable.  The sea originally came much closer to Harlech than in modern times, and a water-gate and a long flight of steps leads down from the castle to the former shore, which allowed the castle to be resupplied by sea during sieges. 

The castle ruins are now managed by Cadw, the Welsh Government’s historic environment service, as a tourist attraction.

Along with Caernarfon Castle, Conwy Castle and Beaumaris Castle, this monument has been part of the Castles and Town Walls of Edward 1 World Heritage Site since 1986.

“Men of Harlech”, the nation’s unofficial anthem, loved by rugby fans and regimental bands alike, is said to describe the siege which took place here during the War of the Roses, wherein a handful of men held out against a besieging army of thousands. [The Wars of the Roses were a series of wars for control of the throne of England. They were fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet, those of Lancaster and York. The name Wars of the Roses refers to the heraldic badges associated with the two royal houses, the White Rose of York and the Red Rose of Lancaster. Wikipedia]

Castle in the Clouds



When I visited Flint Castle yesterday, I was privy to the most wonderful display of fluffy white clouds, billowing against a cobalt sky.

Flint Castle stands on the banks of the Dee estuary, in Flintshire, North-East Wales. It was built between 1277 – 1284.  

The castle was the first of a chain of fortresses built by King Edward I, in his campaign to encircle and conquer Wales.  Its most impressive feature is a solitary round tower.

It was the final refuge of King Richard II, before he conceded the crown to Henry IV.

Flint Castle is now maintained by Cadw, a Welsh Government body, that protects, conserves and promotes the building heritage of Wales.

Access is free and via a path. Most parts of the castle are open to the public.